RL Glossary

C
Carved C - shaped design found in much late 16th and 17th century French and Flemish work and later in England.

Cabochon
A gem-shaped ornament of convex, hemispherical form.

Cabriole
A type of leg which swells outward at the knee and inward at the ankle; often identified with Queen Anne (1702-1714).

Camelback
A sofa back of irregular, curved shape characterized by a large central hump; frequently used by Chippendale and Hepplewhite.

Cameo
Raised carving, usually delicate, on stone or imitations of stone. Used as furniture ornaments by Sheraton, the Adams, and in the Empire style.

Capital
The head of a column or pilaster.

Carapathian
(Europe) Light reddish brown wood with dark brown buds and deep veins. Used in table tops, drawers, chair backs.

Cartouche
An elliptical tablet or scroll containing the name of a king, queen, or deity. Also a sculpture or back ornament in the form of an unrolled scroll.

Casegoods
Pieces made largely, but not wholly, of wood or having certain storage facilities.

Caulking Compound
A semi-drying or slow-drying plastic material used to seal joints or fill crevices around windows, chimneys, etc.

Centering
ntering in Philadelphia, then a center of Colonial wealth, and following the elaborate style of Chippendale in fine mahogany, with some walnut and maple.

Chaise
(French, long chair) A form of sofa, daybed, or couch chair with upholstered back, for reclining.

Chamfer
A beveled, angled cutting away of the top portion of any edge.

Check Roller
A texturing tool with round, stainless, coin-shaped wheels that replicates fabric designs. Used to apply the Ralph Lauren Denim Techniques.

Checking
A kind of paint failure in which many small cracks appear in the surface of the paint.

Chenille
From the French for caterpillar; a fabric with a pile protruding all around at right angles, giving it a characteristically fluffy or fuzzy face.

Cherry
Warm, reddish brown wood, resembling maple in character.

Chesterfield
Overstuffed couch or sofa with upholstered ends.

Chinoiserie
Referring to things Chinese, the Chinese taste or manner; painted or lacquered Chinese designs in furniture.

Chintz
Cotton cloth printed in bright colors with a closely woven texture. The word “chintz” has come to refer to the actual starching and glazing finishing process.

Claw
Foot of carved animal or bird claw clutching a ball, generally terminating in a cabriole leg.

Clear Coating
A transparent protective and/or decorative film.

Coating
A protective layer of vinyl or acrylic applied to wallpaper grounds to make them washable and more durable. All Ralph Lauren wallpapers are printed on coated grounds.

Cock
Small half-round projecting molding applied to the edges of drawers.

Color Uniformity
Ability of a coating to maintain a uniform or consistent color across its entire surface, particularly during the weathering process.

Colorant
Concentrated color that can be added to paints to make specific colors.

Colorways
A given combination of colors in a pattern.

Combustible
Refers to any liquid with a flash point at or above 100 degrees Fahrenheit.

Commode
A loosely defined type of chest or cabinet, usually low.

Complementary Colors
Two colors directly opposite from one another on the color wheel.

Console
A table, usually small, having curved or otherwise ornamental supports.

Contrasting Colors
Colors separated by at least three others on the color wheel.

Corbel
Bracket or brace to carry weight; common in 17th and 18th century furniture.

Corduroy
French for “cloth of kings,” this is a cut-filling-pile fabric, generally made of cotton, distinguished by wales or raised stripes of varying thicknesses.

Corinthian
Architectural order of column, with scrolls growing out of acanthus leaves.

Correlated
A term used instead of matching to explain similarities in tone from one material to the next, e.g., from fabric to wallpaper.

Cotton
A natural fiber from the seed case of a cotton plant.

Coverage
The relative property of an ink which allows it to block out the color which is underneath it. Coverage of 100% indicates that the ink has completely blocked out the color underneath it.

Cracking
The type of paint failure characterized by breaks in irregular lines wide enough to expose the underlying surface.

Credenza
A sideboard or buffet.

Crewelwork
Embroidery of fine worsted on linen.

Crossbanding
Border bands of veneer in which the grain runs across the band.

Crotch
The wood from the intersection of a branch with the trunk of the tree; it has an unusual V-shaped figure when cut into veneers. The matching of these veneers produces striking patterns much favored by cabinetmakers.

Cupboard
Cabinet or box with doors, for storage.

Cutting-in
Careful painting of an edge, such as wall color at the ceiling line or at the edge of woodwork.

Cyma
A curved molding with a reversed curve as its profile.